The subject of gears on a mountain bike can get confusing. There are a lot of manufacturers and different styles of bikes. That being said, In this article, I am going to try and clear up some confusion about gears on mountain bikes for you here. Read on.
Do Mountain Bikes have Gears?
The short answer is, yes, mountain bikes have gears and can make climbing easier. The longer answer is that the gear ratios on mountain bikes are very different from those on road bikes.
The result is that the same pedaling effort will get you much faster uphill on a road bike than on a mountain bike.
For example, the gear ratio (biggest cog to smallest cog) on many modern road racing bikes is 11:23, which means there are 23 teeth on the smallest cog and 11 teeth on the biggest cog.
How many gears does a mountain bike have?
Most mountain bikes have somewhere between 1 and 40 gears.
The gear range will be expressed as something like 11-42t, which means it has 11 teeth on the smallest sprocket and 42 on the biggest. The bigger the difference between these numbers, the greater the range of gears.
Having a wide range of gears makes climbing easier, but it also makes your bike heavier, so you need to balance your needs against the weight penalty if you’re racing. If you’re just riding for fun and fitness, then extra gears won’t hurt.
What are the gears for on a mountain bike?
The gears on your mountain bike are there to help you maintain a comfortable cadence or pedaling speed, regardless of the terrain.
The difference in terrain on a trail can make the same effort to produce widely different speeds. For example, a steep downhill section might have you flying down the trail at 20mph, while an uphill climb might only have you going 3mph with the same effort.
In order to maintain an ideal pedaling speed (around 70-90rpm), you need to use your gears to make adjustments for each section of the trail.
How do you ride a mountain bike with gears?
Mountain bikes have gears to help you get up and down hills. You’ll need to shift into a lower gear when going uphill, and into a higher gear when going downhill.
To shift gears, use your left hand to move the shifter on your handlebar forward or backward. This will move the derailleur and shift the chain onto a different rear sprocket.
You can either use both hands at once or just one for each shift, but it’s easier to learn how to do it with both hands, especially if you’re new to mountain biking.
If you have trouble getting the hang of shifting, practice in an empty parking lot until you can do it quickly and easily.
How to Use Gears on a Mountain Bike
The right gear can make all the difference when it comes to mountain bike riding. Gears are used to change the speed and torque.
When you’re riding on flat ground and want to go fast, you use high gears. When you’re going uphill, you need low gears to keep turning the pedals around.
To use gears on a mountain bike, shift into a higher gear when going downhill or if you want to go faster on flat ground.
Shift into a lower gear when going uphill so that your pedals don’t stop moving. Keep your chain in line with your sprockets by shifting one gear at a time and never shifting more than three gears at once.
What gear to use when going uphill on a bike
If you’re riding up a steep hill, you’ll want to be in a low gear so that you can pedal comfortably without your legs spinning too fast.
If you’re riding up a less steep hill, use a high gear so that you can pedal at a fast speed with less effort.
When it comes to selecting the right gear, it’s important to understand the relationship between cadence and resistance.
Cadence is how many times your pedals go around in one minute. Resistance is how much force you need to push the pedals down.
What bike gear to use on flat road
For riding on flat road use a middle gear.
A lot of cyclists tend to ride in a big gear too much when they are cycling. The thing with this is that it can get tired too quickly and it will also cause you to put a lot more pressure through your legs. This can then lead to overuse injuries.
So if you find yourself putting in more pressure than you are used to, then you should look at going down one or two gears.
Starting on a starter tricycle at the age of 2, Danny has rarely been off a bike ever since. He spends most weekends riding through the woods near his house or taking longer bike trips on the road.